Category: Constructivism


Wood, Bruner and Ross devised the term ‘scaffolding’. Scaffolding consists of the activities provided by the educator, or more competent peer, to support the student as he or she is led through the zone of proximal development. Support is phased out as it becomes unnecessary, much as a scaffold is..Read More

Theory of cognitive growth

Jerome Bruner’s theory of cognitive growth does not link changes in development with cognitive structures as Piaget did. Instead it highlights the various ways that children represent knowledge. Constructivism

Zone of Proximal Development

Lev Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development refers to the difference between what a learner can do without help and what he or she can achieve with guidance and encouragement from a skilled partner. The term ‘proximal’ refers to those skills that the learner is ‘close’ to mastering. Constructivism

Sociocultural theory

Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory is a constructivist theory which emphasises the importance of social interactions and sociocultural factors for learning. Constructivism

Constructivist theory

Jerome Bruner in his book ‘The Process of Education’ proposed that students are active learners who construct their own knowledge. Constructivist theory states that learning takes place in contexts and that learners form or construct much of what they learn and understand as a function of their experiences in situations…Read More