Category: Cognitivism

Adaptive Control of Thought

John Anderson’s Adaptive Control of Thought (ACT) theory provides a model of cognitive architecture which attempts to explain how all components of the mind work together to produce coherent cognition. Cognitivism

Elaboration theory

Charles Reigeluth’s elaboration theory suggests instruction should be organized in increasing order of complexity for optimal learning. It proposes seven major strategy components: (1) an elaborative sequence, (2) learning prerequisite sequences, (3) summary, (4) synthesis, (5) analogies, (6) cognitive strategies, and (7) learner control. Cognitivism

Working Memory Model

Baddeley and Hitch argued that the picture of short-term memory (STM) provided by the Multi-Store Model is far too simple. They proposed the idea of Working Memory (WM) which is short-term memory. However, instead of all information going into one single store, there are different systems for different types of..Read More

Episodic and semantic memory

Endel Tulving proposed a distinction between episodic, semantic and procedural memory. Semantic memory is a part of the long-term memory responsible for storing information about the world. Procedural memory is a part of the long-term memory responsible for knowing how to do things, i.e. memory of motor skills. Cognitivism

Levels of Processing

Craik and Lockhart’s levels of processing theory focuses on the depth of processing involved in memory, and predicts the deeper information is processed, the longer a memory trace will last. Cognitivism

Dual Coding Theory

Allan Paivio’s dual coding theory assumes that there are two cognitive subsystems, one specialized for the representation and processing of nonverbal objects/events (imagery), and the other specialized for dealing with language. Cognitivism